There are six types of hydroponic system about, wick hydro system, deep water culture, drip hydro (recovery or non-recovery) ebb and flow (flood and drain) Nutrient Film Technique (n.f.t) and Aeroponics.
There are also variations on these types of hydroponic setups, below you’ll find a brief description PLUS a link for a more detailed look at each hydro system.
Hydroponic grow Room Setup hydroponic grow room
Have a look at this compact hydroponic grow room setups, and if nothing els it will give you a good idea of whats possible with a bit of wood and some PVC corner supports that hold the whole thing together and its only 3×4, so have a peek at, Hydroponic Grow Rooms And Safety.
Wick Hydroponics Wick Hydroponic
By far the simplest type of hydroponic system setup available, which is the passive category, meaning there are no moving parts, the nutrient solution is drown up into your growing medium. This system is mostly used for hanging baskets. Read More
Deep water culture
Deep Water system is also known simply as water culture, the simplest hydroponic setup of all the active systems, the is either held in the container lid, or on a sheet of Styrofoam that floats on water, keeping the howl root system constantly submerged in nutrient solution.
An air pump supplies air to the roots via the air stone. I myself have had some amazing results with this system and can easily be hooked up to a solar panel, making it ideal for down the allotment, although the Styrofoam approach doesn’t allow for an air gap, making the deep water culture floating raft approach only really good for some water loving plants like lettuces
Drip hydroponic System
This hydro air lift drip systems this years favorite for me “its what I’ve been using to grow with, and the way this drip system works is just genius
Ebb and flow hydroponic (flood and drain setup)
Without a doubt one of the most widely use amongst hydroponic systems, along with NFT, the Ebb and Flow system setup works by temporarily flooding your grow tray with nutrient solution and then draining the solution back into the reservoir. Two of the main advantages with this system is replacement of stale air with fresh, after each flooding and the roots aren’t so vulnerable to power failure,as the medium stays moist for long periods of time, the biggest draw back of this kind of system is that piping can get block with the medium, or a small leak from the piping can quickly empty the system and also risk burning your pump out.
Nutrient Film Technique (n.f.t)
Hydroponics N.F.T. system setups have a constant flow of nutrient solution running over the roots and then back to the nutrient tank reservoir, there is usually no growing medium used, other than whats used to support your plant, which also makes it very susceptible to power failure as the roots soon dry out, but still a very popular system.
Aero Garden aeroponic-aero-garden
Aeroponics is the fastest types of hydroponic gardening around and like n.f.t is very susceptible to power and pump failure, the roots, which hang freely in the air, are misted, usually for five to twenty seconds every fifteen to twenty minutes, an extremely good system if well designed. Read more about Aerogarden
Vertical hydroponics Concept greenhouse-hydroponics
Growing plants hydroponically has been going on for a while now, and even vertical hydroponic, “if you include the gardens of Babylon.”
Commercial and Traditional greenhouses, have been using hydroponic systems to maximize crop production, for quicker returns from much higher crop yield “up to four times,in weight” , and now we have vertical hydroponics in all shapes and sizes, there seems to be no limit to what the human mind can create, “Although like anything else, all these hydroponic technologies have a return on investment. But initially, they’re more expensive”.
And if you fancy building your own hydroponics system then have a little look at our HYDROPONICS HOW TO which will show you some very inexpensive ways to build your own system from parts that are common in most hardware and DIY stores.
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